What Exactly is Tracking?
Can Tracking be Improved?
Why is it Important to Build Eye Tracking?
If one's eye-tracking is underdeveloped it can have a profound impact on one's ability to read. In addition, even if they are able to decode text, labored tracking takes up cognitive space, leaving little room to visualize or paint pictures in one's mind or even comprehend the text. Tracking problems can even impact writing or following objects in our environment such as a ball.
What are the Eye Movements Behind Tracking?
There are three eye movements that need to be developed to promote eye tracking:
Visual fixation is the ability or skill to hold one's eyes steady without moving off a target.
Saccades are the ability to jump to new targets that randomly disappear and reappear in a different location.
Pursuits involve the ability to follow a moving target with one's eyes.
10 Free Ways to Improve Tracking:
There are a number of visual tracking exercises that can help to strengthen this needed skill. The trick is to find a series of daily activities that can target vision control.
1) Use Your Finger When Reading
Using your finger when reading supports the eyes and gets them to track in a more fluid manner. It also minimizes the cognitive load so that the brain can put more energy into reading comprehension. A final benefit to using your finger to track is one's reading speed tends to increase by 25 percent.
2) Use Beeline Reader
This technology can be used to read ebooks, PDFs, and web pages. This Chrome add-on makes tracking faster and easier by using a color gradient to guide your eyes from one line of text to another.
3) Building Peripheral Vision, Visual Tracking and Attention For Improved Reading and Scanning Video-Based Activities
By watching a ball move around the screen, one can build visual tracking and only visual tracking. Furthermore, additional activities target peripheral vision by directing one's attention on the edges of the visual field. The brain is only required to do one thing at a time, so this targets the area that needs intervention. Eventually, these vision skills can become automatic, so they can be done subconsciously. To maintain motivation, the activities are brief and include an assortment of activities and levels of difficulty. The videos also unite fun, upbeat melodies.
4) Complete Other Visual Tracking Activities
I have two resources at Good Sensory Learning that offer visual tracking exercises:
- Visual Tracking Assessment and Activities for Improved Learning: CLICK HERE to learn more.
- Visual Reasoning and Tracking Activities: CLICK HERE to learn more.
5) Play Ping Pong
Playing ping pong can be a great way to improve eye tracking. More importantly, watching others play the game can be an even better option. Sit on the side of the table and keep your head steady. Watch the ball, and visually track your eyes back and forth across the table to improve visual tracking.
6) Get a Book But Only Read the First Word and the Last Word in Each Line.
Continue this pattern of reading the first to the last word in each line from the top of the page to the bottom. Time yourself and try to beat your speed. If reading words is slow or labored, just read the first and last letter on each line. Eye-tracking activities such as these also work on increasing processing speed and accuracy. If one uses their finger throughout the process, it can also develop eye-hand coordination.
7) Go to the Site Eye Can Learn
This free website presents and wealth of information as well as eye-tracking exercises.
8) Track a Metronome or Crystal Pendulum.
Place the metronome or pendulum about 1-2 feet from your face, keep your head steady and move your eyes with the swinging metronome or pendulum.
9) Use a Laser Pointer to Exercise Tracking
In a dark room, a laser pointer can be projected on a wall. Those with weak eye tracking can follow the red dot sweep across the wall. Be sure to use a variety of movements: go up, down, left, right, and diagonally.
10) Use Apps Like Voice Dream Reader Which Will Highlight the Words While It Reads the Text
You can read along with the excellent synthesized voice options, or if you prefer, read the text yourself and turn off the audio. Adjust the speed so that words are highlighted while you read. Voice Dream Reader also offers a "Pacman mode" option where the words disappear as they are read. This is one of my favorite features as it forces the brain to track in a fluid manner.
11) Scan Text For a Common Letter or Word
Pick a common letter of the alphabet such as "A." Select a book, or article and scan through the lines of text as if you are reading, circling "A" every time you see it.
12) Read Aloud
This helps the eyes and brain to work together. If this is too difficult for a child, try echo reading. Echo reading is when a sentence or passage is read aloud to a struggling reader who focuses on tracking the words as they are said. Then the struggling reader reads the same sentence or passage aloud.
13) Play an Internet Version of Pong
Visually track the virtual ball to improve eye tracking. This strategy develops left to right tracking as well as eye movements in the opposite direction. My favorite is Garfield Tabby Tennis. If one eye tracks better than the other, one can always cover one eye and then complete the games.
14) Play Balloon Toss Games
Having to observe a moving object can help eye tracking and using objects associated with fun and games can make the process enjoyable and motivating. Children are a great candidate for this strategy. Older individuals may prefer to toss a ball.
15) Place Tracing Paper Over the Text
For children and adults that have extreme visual tracking issues, one can place transparent paper over the text so one can draw a line or highlight as they read.
16) Check Out My Youtube Video
Are There Any Products I Can Purchase That Develop Visual Tracking?
- Visual Tracking Assessment and Activities for Improved Learning
- Building Peripheral Vision, Visual Tracking, and Visual Attention for Improved Reading and Scanning
- Visual Reasoning and Tracking Activities
- Reversing Reversals series develops elementary tracking as well as other important visual processing and cognitive skills that will improve the foundation abilities needed to be an excellent reader.
Dr. Erica Warren is the author, illustrator, and publisher of multisensory educational materials at Good Sensory Learning. She is also the director of Learning to Learn and Learning Specialist Courses.
- Blog: https://goodsensorylearning.com/blogs/news
- YouTube Channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/warrenerica1
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