Teaching the Alphabet: Tailoring Instruction
Posted by Erica Warren on
One of my favorite things about being a learning specialist and educational therapist is creating a unique approach for each of my students. Each learner comes with a one-of-a-kind set of strengths and weakness, as well as likes and dislikes.
Therefore, with the help of my students, I'm continually fashioning new instructional approaches and materials. But meeting the needs of my students is just half my professional pie, as I also strive to assist and guide colleagues and parents in solving onerous, remedial needs.
Cracking Difficult Student Cases:
I often get emails from my followers asking for my advice about how to meet the needs of students that are challenging to remediate. I recently received an email from a reading specialist asking me to help with a tricky case. As my response could benefit others too, I decided to share my ideas in this week's blog!
Teaching Peter the Letters:
Peter is four years and eleven months and is presently in preschool (student name changed for anonymity)
Here is a quick summary of Peter's case from the perspective of his reading specialist
Suggestions for Peter:
Here are my recommendations:
- Begin with one letter at a time. The reading specialist or parent can introduce the letter and Peter can work with that letter for the whole week. If this method is too slow, he can do two letters a week, but work on them separately. One letter for 3 days, the other letter for 3 days and then both letters for the final day.
- Use the App Touch and Write to help Peter have fun forming the letters.
- Create a "alphabet golf game." Once Peter has learned a few of the letters. Scatter the letters on a carpet. When you say a letter, Peter must hit the golf ball to that letter. As another option, multiple players may have to spell out a word such as "cat," by hitting each letter with the golf ball in sequence while calling out the letters. The player to do this in the fewest number of tries is the winner. Since, Peter "loves his friends and is a great playmate," this could be a great game for him when he has a playdate.
- Create activities for Peter to complete for each letter. Generate fun names for the activities to enhance motivation.
13 More Spelling Suggestions:
- Create a colorful collage of the letter by asking Peter to tear out that letter from magazines.
- Let Peter do a coloring activity for this letter. Mr. Printables offers alphabet coloring pages at no cost.
- Ask Peter to create both the capital and lowercase letter out of legos.
- Outline a large copy of the letter or cut a letter out of black construction paper and ask Peter to turn the inside of the letter into a road by drawing white dashes (see image). He can also add details around the letter when drawn on a large piece of paper, such as trees and houses. Help Peter learn to form the letter properly by taking one of his toy cars and helping him learn how to properly trace the letter with his toy car.
- Let Peter come up with his own creative ways to make the letter by thinking of a word that starts with that letter and associating the image of that word with the letter. For example, Peter could make the letter A look like an apple. Allison McDonald from No Time for Flash Cards offers some great ideas.
- Let Peter make the letter out of cookie dough and bake cookies. When eating the cookies, try to think of a word that begins with that letter.
- Help Peter use tape to draw the letter on a carpet and have Peter use a golf ball and a putter to trace the letter.
- Create a printout of letters and ask Peter to circle only the letter that he is working on. You can also use print materials such as magazines. Like a hidden picture, Peter may have to find all the letter Bs.
- Help Peter take a picture of the letter in nature or around the house. To learn more about this as well as some other fun letter strategies, click here.
- Take pictures of all of Peter's creative letter creations and make a scrapbook. You can also take pictures and create a photo book in IPhoto or sites like SnapFish.
- Create a song or rhyme for each letter. YouTube offers a number of options. Here is one about the letter B.
- Create your own tongue twisters for each of the letters. For example, Billy Butler Bought Buttery Biscuits.
- Once Peter has learned a few letters. Place them on a balloon. Toss the balloon to Peter and ask him the name of the first letter he sees. Once he has mastered this, ask him to make the letter sound. Another options is to ask Peter to think of a word that begins with that letter or ask him to act out a word that begins with that sound.
Cognitive Tools for Peter:
- Reversing Reversals Primary - This publication develops visual memory, visual reasoning, spatial skills, auditory and visual memory, sequential memory, visual discrimination, tracking, attention to detail and more. It is ideal for learners that exhibit confusion with letters and numbers. Better yet, the game-like activities use animal characters, so the students won't even realize that they are developing the foundation skills behind reading and math.
- Working Memory, Hemisphere Integration, Sequencing and Attention Building Activities: Beginners - This publication helps to develop working memory, hemisphere integration, sequential processing and sustained attention. Peter should try these activities after he has been working with Reversing Reversals Primary for some time and he has learned the letters and his numbers up to 20.
Cheers, Dr. Erica Warren
Dr. Erica Warren is the author, illustrator, and publisher of multisensory educational materials at Good Sensory Learning. She is also the director of Learning to Learn and Learning Specialist Courses.
- Blog: https://goodsensorylearning.com/blogs/news
- YouTube Channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/warrenerica1
- GSL Blog: https://goodsensorylearning.com/blogs/news
- Stores: www.GoodSensoryLearning.com/
- Courses: http://www.learningspecialistcourses.com/
- Newsletter Sign-up: https://app.convertkit.com/landing_pages/694000