Student Mind Maps: Revealing the Remedial Needs of Struggling Writers

Posted by Erica Warren on

Having an understanding of how each student processes information and conceptualizes ideas is key in the remedial writing process. Students can think in a sequence of images, a series of words, webs of pictures, an outline of phrases, a collage of imagery, a patchwork of terms, movie-like scenes and more.

Student Mind Maps Reveal Remedial Needs

Assessing How Students Think Offers Writing Solutions

By evaluating the ways your students conduct the thinking process, you can help them to tweak their method so that writing can become a fluid and enjoyable process. This can be done through discussion, but what I find to be most helpful is having your student(s) conduct a drawing of how their mind works – a mental mind map.

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A Mindful Approach

I discovered the utility of this mindful approach when working with a student, JT. Time and time again, JT struggled to get his ideas on paper, and beginning the process was always a chore. What’s more, first drafts tended to be a hodgepodge of overlapping ideas. We often referred to JT’s difficulties as roadblocks, and when I finally asked JT to draw what it was like in his mind to write, we discovered a very different issue. JT didn’t suffer with writer's block, he experienced more of a writer’s bottleneck.

A Writing Bottleneck

The term bottleneck is a metaphor that is often used to describe the traffic congestion created when construction takes a multilane road and limits travel to a single lane. Soon traffic gets backed up and travel becomes slow and frustrating. It comes literally from the slow rate of liquid outflow from a bottle, as it is limited by the width of the exit – the bottleneck. JT’s challenge was not a result of a lack of words and ideas as we once thought. Instead, he was overwhelmed with competing and overlapping ideas as represented in the image on this page.

JT drew a complex web of lines that was dotted with what he described as both good and bad ideas. Also, he remarked that darker lines represent stronger ideas. Once I saw the image, it all made sense. 

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Impact On Writing

JT is highly intelligent, but he also has ADHD as well as dyslexia. His drawing made it clear how his learning difficulties impact his writing. JT is bombarded with a plethora of ideas and he has difficulty funneling and organizing his thoughts into an ordered sequence of words. When he writes, he too becomes frustrated with the slow and labored process of writing in a linear fashion. What’s more, his dyslexia, which impacts his spelling, is an added hurdle and annoyance that distracts him during the writing process.

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What Can Be Done to Help?

Step one:

From the very beginning, I helped JT to define the main ideas and topic sentences.  I also encouraged him to use graphic organizers or programs such as Inspiration to help JT to categorize his supporting details and examples.

Step Two:

I also suggested that JT use a computer with a spell check and word prediction software.  When conducting research papers, I suggested that JT define each main idea on a different colored index card.

Step Three:

Then, JT organized each nugget of information onto the best colored index card, so that all the supporting details and examples are categorized under the same color as the most appropriate main idea. Then, he sequence the supporting details and examples in an orderly fashion by arranging the cards.

Step Four:

Finally, JT typed his paper and altered the font color to match the colored index cards.  This helped him organized the correct details and examples under the best main idea. Once the paper was complete, JT cselected the whole document and change the font color back to black.

I hope you will try having your students draw their own mental mind maps. Allowing them to show the workings of their inner mind will not only help others remediate areas of difficulty, but it will help each individual have a better understanding of and power over his or her own ways of processing.


I would love to hear your thoughts.

Cheers Erica

Dr. Erica Warren is the author, illustrator, and publisher of multisensory educational materials at Good Sensory Learning. She is also the director of Learning to Learn and Learning Specialist Courses.

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